The Analects by Confucius, part of the Internet Classics Archive. quotes from The Analects: ‘The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones.’. One of the most influential books of all time, The Analects of Confucius collects the sayings and wisdom of the Chinese philosopher and his followers.

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Boring into it, it gets harder.

I hate clever speech, because it undermines the state and the clans. This passage is given a wide range of interpretations by commentators and translators. Filial piety and fraternal submission,-are they not the root of all benevolent actions? Let him be final and kind to all;-then they will be faithful to him. The writer of this chapter was critical of Confucius. When he was ill and the prince came to visit him, he had his head to the east, made his court robes be spread over him, and drew his girdle across them.

Life and death are up to Fate. There are some with whom we can establish ourselves, but with whom we cannot agree with on future planning.

I have no course for which I am predetermined, and no course against which I am predetermined. He had no foregone conclusions, no arbitrary predeterminations, no obstinacy, and no egoism.

As to teaching them the principles of propriety, and music, I must wait for the rise of a superior man to do that. During earlier periods, the common people did not have their own surnames, and so used that of their local lord or official. Zifu Jingbo told Confucius about it, saying: Confucius sat with him, and questioned him.

Be filial and compassionate and they will be loyal. My associate must be the man who proceeds to action full of solicitude, who is fond of adjusting his plans, and then carries them into execution. Also used as an offering to gods. Whether he has to do with many people or few, or with things great or small, he does not dare to indicate any disrespect;-is not this to maintain a dignified ease without any pride?


The Analects of Confucius by Arthur Waley | : Books

When the government was just, he was like an arrow. When his country was in disorder, he acted the part of a stupid man. How can Chung-ni be said to be superior to you? But when the Way does not prevail in your own state, to be rich and honored is a disgrace.

There was Li; when he died, he had a coffin but no outer shell. A superior man takes office, and performs the righteous duties belonging to it.

May the superior man be a partisan also? When he is angry, he thinks of the difficulties his anger may involve him in.

The Internet Classics Archive | The Analects by Confucius

Friendship with the honest, friendship with the sincere, and friendship with analecy learned are all beneficial. What meaning can you glean from this? If the people are in want, their prince cannot enjoy plenty alone.

I have not yet heard of any one who loves to learn as he did. When the wind blows over the grass, it always bends.

The Duke Ting asked whether there was a single sentence which could make a country prosperous. When the subsidiary ministers of the great officers hold in their grasp the orders of the state, as a rule the cases will be few in which they do not lose their power in three generations.

It is only after three years that a child avoids his parent’s embrace. Confucius believed that if people cultivated this innate tendency well, all other natural forms of human goodness would be positively affected by it. When the prince sent him a gift of a living animal, he would keep it alive.


He does not cause the great ministers to repine at his not employing them. If he does go abroad, he must have a fixed place to which he goes. What has the superior man to do with being distressed because he has no brothers? Also translated as the Book of Poetryor Book of Songs. Hold firm to the center.

During the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods in China, selfish and aggressive warlords frequently pulled farmers off their land at important farming times, to use them confuclus public works projects, or have them fight in the ruler’s personal wars.

The mean man has pride without a dignified ease. As to those who are dull and stupid and yet do not learn;-they are the lowest of the people.

The Analects

Kim, Tae Hyun; Csikszentmihalyi, Mark The mean man is difficult to serve, and easy to please. Those who involve themselves in Government now. This text was recognized by Zhang Yu’s contemporaries and pf subsequent Han scholars as superior to either individual version, and is the text that is recognized as the Analects today. This is indeed a superior man.

He hates those who abide in lowliness and slander the great. The little children of my school are ambitious and too hasty. I learned about the PoemsI learned about the Propriety and I learned that the noble man comfucius not partial to his son.