The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

Author: Goramar Shakalabar
Country: Mongolia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Relationship
Published (Last): 6 August 2014
Pages: 216
PDF File Size: 17.37 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.38 Mb
ISBN: 515-5-91926-463-1
Downloads: 93796
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Yozilkree

Scores higher than 90 indicate that SAD is highly probable.

For example, in certain cultures, they are viewed as positive aspects because the individual is considered introspective, a highly valued characteristic, especially in the Eastern cultures [ 30 ]. Specifically regarding the discriminant validity, ten studies were found [ 6 — 15 ] which indicated that SAD participants presented significantly higher scores than participants without SAD or with other anxiety disorders, regarding both subscales and the overall score. It is commonly used to study outcomes in clinical trials and, more recently, to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral piebowitz.

The Safren four-factor model social interaction, speaking, observation by others, eating and drinking has been supported in two studies Oakman et al.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale

The 24 items are first rated on a Likert Scale from 0 to 3 on fear felt during the situations, and then the same items are rated regarding avoidance of the situation. Scorjng Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry. Prevalence, under-recognition and academic impairment in women. Smaller AIC scores are preferred among competing models. Similar to several previous examinations, the fear and avoidance subscales were quite redundant in this clinical anxietg.

Research supports a cut-off point of 30in which SAD is unlikely.

Overall, the Safren four-factor model demonstrated the best psychometric properties in an African American sample. Pharmacological treatments for social anxiety disorder: The self-report version of the Scale has been extensively tested on the Spanish population, with results high in validity and reliability. Psychol Med31 6: Third, avoidance ratings for all situations are summed to create an Avoidance subscale.


A confirmatory factor analysis of a self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. It should also be highlighted that the scale was able to discriminate the groups according to the variables, these being, gender, sample group and subtype of the disorder.

Psychometric properties and three proposed subscales of a self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale translated into Hebrew.

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale as a self-report instrument: Given that none of the models were an excellent fit for our data and that the Safren model has not been supported in all previous studies Baker et al. This structure was preferred in a sample of treatment seeking individuals diagnosed with SAD Safren et al.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

Safren and colleagues found that the relationship between social interactional anxiety and performance anxiety in their studies, showed high face validity but lacked construct validity. Behav Res Ther40 6: Santos1 Sonia R. All psychometric investigations, including the current one, have repeatedly found that the original fear and avoidance subscales yield redundant information.

The LSAS was administered during the annual follow-up assessments between and In line with previous reports and a high correlation between fear and avoidance ratings scae our own sample, we tested each model including only fear ratings for each LSAS situation. Behav Modif22 3: Additionally, responses to the 11 social-interaction and 13 performance situations may be summed separately for fear and avoidance, creating four subscales: The results found were excellent regardless of the technique used, highlighting the discriminatory capacity of the LSAS-SR.


Retrieved from ” https: The higher score among the women corroborates data from the literature, since female participants tend to present a higher incidence of symptoms than male participants, indicating a higher prevalence and severity of the disorder among women [ 28 ]. Based on psychometric examination of other anxiety measures in African Americans, we expected that previous factor structures identified in mostly European samples would anxiery fit well in our sample.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: The LSAS differs from most other social anxiety measures in that it assesses anxiety and avoidance in specific social situations e.

First, we sought to evaluate basic psychometric properties of the clinician-administered LSAS in a sample of African Americans with a range of anxiety disorders.

Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the non-generalized type of SAD. Factor structure of the anxiety sensitivity index among African American college students. The importance of cross-cultural validation liebowits is related to the adequacy of the evaluation parameters of each instrument for a particular sociocultural context.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

Thus, considering the groups together, a score equal to 32 for use in the context of SAD screening is suggested, as this allowed a refined differentiation of both clinical and sub-clinical cases from the non-cases. To assess social phobia, psychologists and clinicians need to distinguish between performance anxiety and social interaction anxiety in order to make an accurate diagnosis.

As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript.